Cagayan de Oro, officially the City of Cagayan de Oro, is the provincial capital cityof the province of Misamis Oriental in the Philippines.It lies along the northern coastline of the island of Mindanao in the country’s southern portion.
Dubbed locally as the “City of Golden Friendship” (Dakbayan sa Bulawanong Panaghigala-ay in Cebuano, as the phrase appears on the city’s seal) for the camaraderie and hospitality that are inherent and traditional traits of its people. The name Cagayan de Oro may appear abbreviated as CDO, CDOC, CdeO or Cag. de Oro.
Cagayan de Oro is considered as a Melting Pot of Mindanao noted for its accessibility, business growth, attractions and most of its entire warm and hospitable people. A growing metropolis to be classified as a first-class city and serves as the regional center being the most populous highly-urbanized city in northern Mindanao (Region X), and the metropolitan center of Metro Cagayan De oro. According to the 2007 Census, the city has an estimated population of 553,996 inhabitants.
There are also other places in the Philippines with a Cagayán name. One must distinguish Cagayan de Oro from Cagayan province in Northern Luzon and the Cagayan Islands in the Sulu Sea.
The name Cagayán de Oro can be traced back during the arrival of the Spanish Augustinian Recollect friars in 1622, the area around Himologan (now Huluga), was already known as “Cagayan”.
In fact, early Spanish documents in the 16th century already referred to the place as “Cagayán”. The area of Northern Mindanao, which included Cagayán de Oro, was granted as Encomienda to a certain Juan Griego on January 25, 1571.
It was Emmanuel Pelaez who appended de Oro to Cagayán in recognition of the gold mining activities in the area, harking back to the Spanish colonization. Thus, the city’s full name is a combination of the ancient Austronisian and spanish languages that translates to “City of the River of Gold”.